Governors and mayors of the United States have received guidance, tools, and technologies from the government, in order to guard against possible cyber threats during the election period.
The Security Agency Cybersecurity & Infrastructure (CISA), the Department of Homeland Security, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Center for Internet Security (CIS) are some of the American institutions committed to implementing the national strategic plan, through policies cybersecurity and defense mechanisms. CISA’s activities aim to preserve the entire electoral infrastructure. The security and risk containment strategy covers all states and other electoral offices. Consultancies and constant monitoring will be carried out. The FBI’s role is decisive in sharing information, tracking possible cyber attacks, investigations, and operations.
The Department of Homeland Security and the Center for Internet Security (CIS) is responsible for the implementation of software in the electoral offices, and for endpoint security, a protection mechanism for networks and computers, capable of pointing out routine threats and detecting suspicious procedures. In addition, devices that monitor security and flow in electoral networks, known as Albert sensors, will be used. According to CIS, this service is available only to US government entities. Albert is an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) and provides network security alerts for traditional and advanced network threats, helping organizations to identify malicious activity.
According to FireEye manager Michael Atkinson, the threat actors are creating more than a million new malware sequences a day. The damage caused by the lack of cybersecurity experts and the lack of investment in infrastructure and risk containment makes governments and private companies vulnerable to cyber-attacks. The United States, however, has demonstrated a continued investment in security defenses and new technologies since the last presidential election in 2016.